The last major suicide mission in Srinagar was in January 2010 when militants
from the pro-Pakistan militant group Jamiat-ul-Mujahedin opened fire in the
centre of the city and took refuge in a hotel on the main street.
Both militants were killed, as well as a police officer and a bystander.
Indian Kashmir, where a 20-year separatist insurgency has waned in recent
years, has been tense since the execution in February of a local man over a
deadly 2001 attack on the national parliament in New Delhi.
Mohammed Afzal Guru, a local separatist, was convicted over the attack, but he
retained widespread support in Kashmir where many doubted his guilt.
Much of Kashmir, which is divided between India and Pakistan but claimed in
full by both, has since been put under curfew repeatedly while protests and
strikes have disrupted daily life.
Chief Minister Abdullah has argued recently that the Indian government should
withdraw draconian emergency laws that cover Kashmir and give security
forces near-complete legal immunity.
The attack will likely undermine his campaign, which he sees as necessary to
diffuse local resentment about human rights abuses and heavy-handed policing
by the hundreds of thousands of troops in the region.
Attacks in Srinagar have become rare in recent years.
Last October, gunmen opened fired on a popular hotel, killing a bellboy and
leaving at least two other people injured.
In early December 2004, militants stormed a police camp in the town of Sopore,
also killing five officers.
Indian Kashmir attack by militants disguised as cricketers kills five – Telegraph.co.uk